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Timothy Njagi : A comparative perspective on the evolution & sustainability of pastoralist prod. sys

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DySoC / Exeter Webinar Series
Evolution and Social Systems

The Center for the Dynamics of Social Complexity and Exeter is happy to announce a series of free webinars for Fall 2021 on Evolution and Social Systems. This series is a continuation of the past semester seminars: DySoC/NIMBioS Webinar Series on Cultural Evolution and DySoC/NIMBioS Webinar Series on Human Origins and Cultural Evolution.

DySoC webinar series: Evolution and Social Systems
DySoC webinar series: Evolution and Social Systems

Date: 11:45 a.m. EDT Tuesday, November 2, 2021

Speaker: Timothy Njagi (Tegemeo Institute of Agricultural Policy and Development, Egerton University, Kenya)

Topic: A comparative perspective on the evolution and sustainability of pastoralist production systems

Abstract: Pastoral communities worldwide occupy areas that are vast and primarily considered marginal lands. These lands are characterised by arid and semi-arid conditions such as high temperatures and low rainfall. Primarily, communities practise extensive livestock production systems that are adaptable to these conditions. Traditionally, pastoral communities have accessed and managed these lands collectively, under customary systems. However, public policy has not always supported land access and utilisation systems used by pastoral communities. Over the years, pastoralism has been perceived as backward, contributing to environmental degradation, and inefficient land use. Government programs favouring land intensification are being pushed in pastoral areas despite evidence of their effectiveness, especially on productive and livelihood support systems. This is a result of misconceptions about pastoralism as a productive system. We compare the evolution of land tenure systems and their effect on pastoralists production systems in East African and Latin America, two continents with significant pastoralists communities where cultural identity is strong, community systems still exist, and both face similar pressures on their livelihoods. The objective is to learn how the evolution of land tenure systems in pastoral areas has impacted the sustainability of pastoralists production systems and draw lessons from these communities to facilitate policies that improve the social and economic status of pastoral communities.

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